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Fibroid Symptoms


Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas, are the most common benign (noncancerous) tumors in women. They originate from the smooth muscle wall of the uterus, called the myometrium and can vary in size, location, and quantity. While some can cause a range of unwanted symptoms, others could be completely harmless.

Symptoms of Fibroids: 1,2

Painful or excessive bleeding during period


Feeling of fullness in your lower abdomen


Pain in the lower abdomen, back and legs


Frequent urination


Pain during sex



The estimated incidence of fibroids in women less than 50 years is significantly higher for African American women (>80%) versus Caucasian women (70%).

Fibroids are classified by their locations

Fibroids range in size from small, pea-sized growths to large, grapefruit-sized tumors. They can also grow on the inside or outside of the uterus where their locations and sizes can determine your symptoms and treatments. Doctors have given different names to the fibroids according to their locations and how they are attached.



The most common type of fibroid, grows on the outer wall of the uterus. These fibroids can cause pressure symptoms and pelvic pain.


Common type of fibroid, grows within the muscle wall of the uterus. These fibroids can cause heavy periods and pressure sensations.


Less common than intramural, grows inside or abutting the uterine cavity, where a baby thrives during pregnancy. These fibroids can cause heavy or abnormal bleeding.


The least common type of fibroid, grows on a stalk either inside the uterine cavity or hanging from the outer wall of the uterus. These fibroids can cause sudden pain and pressure.

Talk to a Physician

Discuss your problems with an RFA-trained OBGYN.
You could end your pain with this incision-free, nonsurgical procedure.

The cause of fibroids is unknown

Most fibroids happen in women of reproductive age but the exact cause of fibroids is still unknown. Research has shown female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, fuel the growth of fibroids. Hence, many women see enlarged fibroids or experience fibroid growths during pregnancies. Fibroids often shrink when a woman enters menopause as a result of decreased estrogen. The chance of a fibroid turning malignant or cancerous is extremely low. In fact, one out of 350 women with fibroids will develop a malignancy1.

Risk Factors 1






Family history



Diagnostic Tools 1

Gynecological Examination

In many cases, fibroids are first discovered during a regular gynecological exam at your OBGYN's office.


Most common imaging tool for physicians to visualize your fibroids. It uses sound waves to create pictures of your internal organs in a non-invasive fashion.


Use of X-ray or magnetic radio waves to produce images of your fibroids for further characterizations and treatment planning.


Use of a device called a scope with a thin, flexible tube and a camera on the end to look at fibroids inside your uterus.

Common Treatments


Medications can be prescribed to reduce symptoms. Hormones (GnRH) are sometimes used to shrink a fibroid before surgery, but it has only a temporary effect.


Surgical operation to remove the fibroids and your uterus. Hysterectomy is the most common treatment for fibroids as it is only way to cure them by removing the uterus but it is associated with long recovery and loss of fertility4.


Surgical operation to remove only the fibroids without removing the uterus. It can be done via open surgery, hysteroscopic or laparoscopic approaches. While it preserves your uterus, it is associated with fibroid recurrence and pregnancy complications.

Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE)

Minimally invasive procedure that injects small particles to block the blood supply to the fibroids, causing them to shrink over time. While safe and effective, UAE is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications.


Finding Fibroid Freedom

Don’t let the fear of hysterectomy stop you from looking for other alternatives to free you from fibroid symptoms.
Today, there are treatment options that are far less invasive than removing your uterus!

  1. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9130-uterine-fibroids
  2. https://whcrc.ucsf.edu/fibroid-studies
  3. Marsh EE, Al-Hendy A, Kappus D, Galitsky A, Stewart EA, Kerolous M. Burden, Prevalence, and Treatment of Uterine Fibroids: A Survey of U.S. Women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2018;27(11):1359-1367. doi:10.1089/jwh.2018.7076
  4. Turtulici G, Orlandi D, Dedone G, et al. Ultrasound-guided transvaginal radiofrequency ablation of uterine fibroids assisted by virtual needle tracking system: a preliminary study. Int J Hyperthermia. 2019;35(1):97-104. doi:10.1080/02656736.2018.1479778
  5. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/myomectomy/about/pac-20384710

Important Safety Information / Disclaimer
Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if STARmed Thyroid RFA is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options and associated risks in order to make an informed decision. Individual results may vary, testimonials are not claimed to represent typical results. All testimonials are from real patients, and may not reflect the typical patient’s experience, and are not intended to represent or guarantee that anyone will achieve the same or similar results.
The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only.
Registered trademarks of TaeWoong Medical USA or their respective owners.

The VIVA Combo RF Ablation System and star RF Electrode are intended for use in percutaneous and intraoperative coagulation and ablation of tissue.

There is a risk that error may result due to the radiofrequency current on patients who have pacemakers and other active implants. Do not use the radiofrequency lesion generator and electrode on these patients.
The following types of complications may result due to the use of the radiofrequency lesion generator and electrode.
– Tumor recurrence
– Burn due to the over-heating of the the surgical equipment
– Dangerous situation due to the unskilled equipment control
– Cross-infection or complications due to the re-use of the inappropriate electrode
– Ascites/diarrhea
– Bleeding of the coagulated part
– Ventricular fibrillation
– Weakness of liver functions
– Symptoms after RFA treatment includes (abdominal) pain, fever, nausea, headache, right shoulder joint pain and chest discomfort might occur

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